threshold of the Year of the Dragon in 2012, the President gave the
following interview to the Vietnam News Agency:
The past year has proved to be a milestone in the country's diplomatic activities. How do you assess the gains?
The 11th National Party Congress reiterated Viet Nam 's foreign
policy of independence, self-reliance, peace, co-operation and
development, multilateralism and diversification in relations as well as
our pro-activity in international integration as a friend, reliable
partner and highly responsible member state of the international
community. In implementing this policy in 2011, the Party and Government
have carried out many important diplomatic activities, including
attending many bilateral and multi-lateral forums regionally and
internationally. Participants in such activities included senior party
and Government officials from central to local levels. It can be said
that 2011 has been a successful year for Viet Nam in the diplomatic
field. The country's status and position has been highly praised by its
international friends. Political security in many regions has been
volatile alongside the world economy experiencing difficulties due to
the global financial crisis and economic recession. Yet the confidence
placed in Viet Nam by other countries and regional and international
corporations has remained high, the country having remained a
destination for them. Foreign donors commitment to the country in terms
of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Official Development Assistance
(ODA) remains at a high level. I just want to emphasise that foreign
companies invest in Viet Nam not only because they feel at ease with
what they see happening in the country today, but also because they can
foresee a stable and developed Vietnam in the long-run. Achievements
gained via diplomatic activities have left strong impacts on the
economy and has cultivated trust and mutual understanding between
Vietnam and other countries. As a result, they have helped to elevate
the country's status in the international arena as well as in the
consolidation of national defence and security as well as in the
protection of national sovereignty and territorial waters. Once again,
we have seen the impact of the effective and correct foreign policy of
the Party and Government.
Could you please tell us
about some basic measures adopted last year aimed at overcoming
difficulties and challenges for next year?
challenges and difficulties our country encountered in 2011 were much
more severe than previously forecast. Faced with a high inflation rate
and an unstable macro economy, the Party Politburo issued its Conclusion
02 and the Government issued its Resolution 11 ordering the
implementation of strict monetary and financial policies, the reduction
in public investment and credit growth, tax holidays and reductions for
enterprises facing difficulties, subsidies for the poor, and social
security policies alongside others. Under the leadership of the Party
and the effective management of the State, coupled with the overhaul
efforts and dynamism of the whole society, we have overcome difficulties
and challenges to gain many achievements. As a result, inflation has
been brought under control while the macro economy has seen positive
signals. Business and production have been maintained and even expanded.
In 2011, the gross domestic product was almost 6 percent while social
security was improved, political security, social law and order
maintained and national defence and security further consolidated. The
country's position in the world has most certainly been on the rise.
In 2012, many difficulties and challenges remain ahead
for the country to stabilise and continue to develop. The Party and
Government will continue to implement a strict monetary and financial
policy to control inflation and stabilise the macro economy. We will
implement many policies to ensure social security, support the poor
while rolling out tax holidays and reductions for enterprises,
particularly the small and medium, which are facing difficulties.
When the Consumer Price Index (CPI) falls, the State
Bank of Viet Nam (SBV) will give instructions to commercial banks to
lower the interest rate in order to lessen capital difficulties for
enterprises. On the other hand, we will restructure the economy, of
which the focus will be on public investment. We will also restructure
State-owned enterprises (SOEs), particularly state corporations and
economic groups. In economic restructuring, the financial system will be
included, particularly commercial banks. In 2012, we will renew our
growth modality to focus on depth instead of width through the
application of advanced technology while improving the quality of human
resources in order to improve work performance with high quality and
efficiency. We want to have rapid, yet sustainable economic development.
In parallel with economic development, the Party
and State will continue to pay attention to culture, society, education
and training, science and technology, health care, poverty alleviation
while ensuring social security and environmental protection to ensure
sustainable development for the nation.
As the Head of the Central Steering Committee on Judicial Reform, could you tell us about plans for 2012?
Since the issuance of Resolutions 08 and 49 – NQ/TW on judicial
reform, much improvement has been recorded in the field of justice.
Co-ordination between prosecuting agencies has helped speed up progress
and the quality of court case settlements. However, I must concede, the
tasks ahead remain tantamount to respond to the expectations of both the
Party and people in building an upright and transparent judicial system
to protect citizens' rights and obligations as well as protect the
political system. There is quite a lot of work ahead, but for the
immediate future, we will focus on reviewing existing legal documents
and regulations on crime and judicial procedures. We will build and
complete the legal system related to the organisation and activities of
supporting agencies for justice while developing a contingent of
competent judicial staff and completing a supervision mechanism by
elected agencies and people's organisations towards judicial activities,
ensuring good infrastructure. We are going to achieve the targets set
out in the Party Resolution in the field of justice to contribute to the
process of building a Socialist State ruled by law.
Q: National sovereignty is an issue of high interest to all Vietnamese
citizens. What will the country do to protect its sovereignty while
maintaining a peaceful environment to build and raise its international
A: Territorial integrity is an unalienable
right. In the context of the dispute over sovereignty in the East Sea,
the Vietnamese Party and Government have persistently followed a policy
of solving the issue via peaceful means, through negotiation with
relevant parties on the basis of international law and practice, the UN
Convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982 and the Declaration on the
Conduct (DOC) of Parties in the East Sea, standards universally accepted
by the international community. The basis also includes the agreement
on basic principles guiding the settlement of sea issues between
Viet Nam and China signed by both countries in October 2011 during
the visit to that country by Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong.
Through such peaceful means and active diplomatic
activities as well as deep international integration, Viet Nam wants
to improve its status internationally and regionally.
We want to win further support from international friends towards our
people's just cause so that we can protect our territorial integrity
while maintaining a peaceful and stable environment to develop the
nation and improve our status in the world.
During your term as the President, what are your objectives and tasks?
As I told the National Assembly when first elected as President, I
pledge to do my best to serve the homeland and the people while carrying
out all my rights and obligations in accordance with the Constitution
and the law in order to contribute to the successful implementation of
the Resolution of the 11th National Party Congress. Accordingly, the
following will be my top priorities.
build a Socialist State ruled by law which is strong, of the
people, for the people, by the people, and well managed and highly
Second, to develop our
socialist-oriented market economy, renew growth modality, restructure
the economy, create a solid foundation for Vietnam to become an
industrialised and modernised nation by 2020
to develop culture and society and protect the environment while
ceaselessly improving the people's physical and spiritual life.
Fourth, to consolidate national defence and security, firmly protect
national independence, sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity while
maintaining political security, social law and order and protect the
people's peaceful life.
Fifth, to increase
diplomatic activities and international integration, create a peaceful
and stable environment and facilitate conditions for the cause of
building and defending the homeland and raising the nation's status in
And finally, to consolidate and enhance
our great national unity to build a Vietnam of peace, independence,
unity, territorial integrity, a prosperous people, a strong nation and a
democratic, fair and civilised society.
Q: On the occasion of New Year, do you have any message for our international friends and fellow countrymen?
A: On the occasion of New Year, I would like to wish all fellow
countrymen nationwide and overseas Vietnamese the best for the New Year.
I would also like to express special greetings to army officers and
soldiers who serve on our borders and islands. On behalf of Vietnamese
people, I would like to extend my wishes for friendship, co-operation
and development to people the world over and international friends who
are living and working in Viet Nam .
there remains many difficulties and challenges ahead for us in 2012, let
the entire Party, people and army be pro-active in coping with the
complex economic situation inside and outside Vietnam and maintain
political and social stability, national defence and security. I hope
that this year, we will successfully carry out policies to restructure
our national economy and renew growth modality to improve productivity
as well as the quality, efficiency and competitiveness of the national
economy while also further developing the fields of culture, education,
health care and ensuring social security and the environmental
protection. We are resolved to achieve all our objectives and tasks set
for 2012 to create a prerequisite for the successful implementation of
our five-year plan (2011-16) which was introduced at the 11th National
I hope that all fellow countrymen,
armymen nationwide and overseas Vietnamese will continue to unite and
believe in the bright future of our homeland and have confidence in the
leadership of the Party and Government. It is certain that we will
achieve great success in the New Year./.