The Peopleâ€™s Standing Committee of Hainan Province, China recently enacted a set of measures to implement the Fisheries Law of the People's Republic of China, which came into effect from 1 January 2014. According to these measures, foreigners and foreign fishing vessels entering waters under Hainan Provinceâ€™s administration for fishing or marine resources surveys without permission will be expelled and may be subject to confiscation and administrative fines.
On 24 December 2013, the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture announced net fishing bans in a number of areas that fall within Viet Namâ€™s sovereignty and jurisdiction in the East Sea. Recently, China has also launched the first website and newspaper of the so-called "Sansha City", and upgraded its automatic meteorological stations on some areas of the Spratly Islands.
On 10 January 2014, in response to questions by many reporters on Viet Namâ€™s reaction to the above-mentioned acts by the Chinese authorities, Foreign Ministry Spokesman Luong Thanh Nghi stated:
â€œThe said activities by the Chinese authorities are illegal, null and void, and represent serious infringements on Viet Namâ€™s sovereignty over Truong Sa (Spratly) and Hoang Sa (Paracel) Islands, as well as its sovereign rights and jurisdiction in the East Sea (South China Sea) under the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982. These activities are inconsistent with the Viet Nam - China Agreement on Basic Principles Guiding the Settlement of Maritime Issues, run contrary to the spirit and letters of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC), and further complicate the situation in the East Sea.
Viet Nam demands that China stop those wrongful acts and make practical contribution to the maintenance of peace and stability in the region.â€