H.E Mr. PHAM GIA KHIEM, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign
Affairs of Viet Nam, noted that, while a trend of peace and cooperation
continued to prevail, enduring local conflicts and acts of terrorism
still occurred in many parts of the world, and new tensions had also
emerged in Europe, including in the Balkans and the Caucasus. At the
same time, the world was experiencing the worst economic uncertainty
since the 1997-1998 financial crisis.
More than ever, the current situation compelled States
to promote dialogue and cooperation to surmount common challenges, both
man-made and natural, he said. He supported efforts to end violence in
Afghanistan and Iraq, adding that the global community should also work
to facilitate progress in the search for lasting peaceful solutions to
nuclear issues on the Korean peninsula and in Iran, while recognizing
States’ legitimate rights to develop nuclear energy for peaceful
On the follow-up to the Annapolis outcome, he reaffirmed
support for the role of the Quartet, the League of Arab States and the
United Nations, notably the Security Council, in finding a lasting
solution in the Middle East. Such a solution should recognize the
inalienable rights of Palestinians to establish an independent State.
On Africa, he clearly realized the “organic” relationship between peace
and development, and would work with the African Union and United
Nations to find solutions to conflict on the continent.
New uncertainties were also unfolding -- climate change,
energy and food shortages among them -– and he called for international
cooperation. Developed countries should take measures to ensure their
financial stability, implement commitments and increase technology
transfer. Given such complex developments, the United Nations had a
role to play in finding solutions. To that end, he called for
strengthening the Organization, notably by democratic and comprehensive
reform of the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social
Council and specialized agencies. Viet Nam would contribute to such
efforts to make the Organization more responsive. In his own country,
the Government was working to carry out the “One UN” initiative, and he
hoped the experience implementing that pilot reform programme would be
useful to other aid recipients.
He said Viet Nam seriously observed its commitments in
addressing global issues, and strongly supported the Bali road map to
address climate change beyond 2012. Despite natural disasters and
epidemics, Viet Nam was honouring its pledge to maintain rice exports
of 4 million tons a year. Also, 2008 was the first year Viet Nam had
assumed responsibilities as a non-permanent member of the Security
Council. Desiring to make greater contributions to the maintenance of
peace and security, his country had participated in the Council as a
responsible member, and would continue to uphold the principles
enshrined in the Charter.
Concluding, he said that, with trust in the power of
people’s will, he was strongly confident that the global community
would overcome new challenges.