Statement by Mr. Hoang Chi Trung, Chargé d’ Affaires a.i. of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam to the United Nations at the Plenary of the 62nd Session of the General Assembly on Agenda Item 9: “Report of the Security Council” and Agenda Item 122: “Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council and Related Matters”
New York, 12 November 2007
First of all, my delegation would like to thank His Excellency Ambassador Dr. R.M Marty M. Natalegawa, President of the Security Council for November, for his informative presentation on work of the Security Council over the 12 months of the reporting period. We also highly appreciate the efforts to move forward the Security Council reform process by the President of the 61st Session of the General Assembly, Her Excellency Haya Rashed Al Khalifa, and her facilitators in the Open Ended Working Group on the Reform of the Security Council.
May I avail myself of this opportunity to thank all the Member States for the precious support given to my country at the elections of the non-permanent members of the Security Council which were held on the 16th October. Elected to serve at the Council in the next two years, Viet Nam is fully committed to making proactive and positive contributions to the work of the Security Council in the maintenance of international peace and security.
My delegation welcomes the continued discussion of the Council’s work as a way to enhance dialogue and cooperation between the Security Council and the General Assembly as well as other organs of the United Nations system. From the simple fact that the Council held 184 open meetings out of 224 formal ones during the reporting period, we are pleased to underscore the attempts of the Council members to enhance transparency and accountability of the Council's work and their efforts to provide greater opportunities for all the State Members to understand better the work of the Council and to engage themselves in the issues of common interests and concerns on the agenda of the Security Council. It is our hope that more concerted efforts will be made to this effect.
The statistics provided in the Council’s report show a growing trend in its activities, both in scope and dimensions. They also remind us that conflicts and tensions are still prevalent in many regions around the world, which require further determination and resources of the international community to bring them to satisfactory resolutions. We are particularly concerned with the circle of escalating violence and the elusive peace process in the Middle East, fragile peace processes in some African countries while non-traditional threats like terrorism, proliferation of WMDs continue to pose serious threats to international peace and security.
In this context, we welcome the intensive efforts made by the Council and the Secretary General in his good office capacity to promote a peaceful solution to the crisis in Darfur, to foster stability and peace-building in Burundi, Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq... Besides, the recent encouraging developments in the Korean Peninsula, the Inter-Korean summit meetings and the positive outcomes of the six-party talks on the nuclear issue in particular, are significant and welcome steps that promise to consolidate stability and peace in the Korean Peninsula and beyond.
Much, however, remains to be done by the Council to advance the major objectives of conflict prevention, peace-making and peace-building in the world. In face of various emerging challenges, the Council must revitalize itself to discharge its duties in a more adequate and effective manner. It goes without saying that the Council needs to be reformed in a substantial and timely manner.
Regarding the question of reforming the Security Council, my delegation wishes to reiterate that the Security Council reform is crucial to the United Nations reform process. Making the Council more representative and its work more democratic, effective and transparent, especially with regards to decision-making, is vital in adapting the United Nations to the realities of the current world. A modern Security Council should be enlarged in both permanent and non-permanent categories where developing countries in particular will have more representatives to voice their views and concerns in the maintenance of international peace and security.
On the other hand, the use of veto should be limited, and the Council’s working methods should be substantially improved to make the Council more accessible and transparent to all Member States. Pending any decisions to be adopted in the reform of its membership, the Council should further improve its own working procedures and expand the interaction with other UN organs. Public meetings, briefings, press conferences should continue to be expanded to provide a timely and greater source of information on the activities of the Council to the large membership of the United Nations.
In this regard, we commend the efforts of the Open-ended Working Group on the Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Members of the Security Council, in carrying out intensive consultations over the past year, which have, in our view, generated many concrete ideas and proposals to move the reform process of the Security Council forwards. Accordingly, we welcome its report and support the decision to continue considering the topic in the 62nd General Assembly Session “so that further concrete results may be achieved, including through inter-governmental negotiations”.
We share the view that the reform process of Security Council now stands at a defining stage where all the Members States should utilize the momentum initiated by the recent efforts to move ahead. It is high time that we commit ourselves to genuine negotiations. My delegation is willing to participate in discussions with other Members in an open, inclusive and constructive manner on the issues at hand. It is our conviction that under your excellent leadership and wise guidance, the reform process will move much further ahead and we will arrive at a fruitful outcome that garners the support of the widest majority of the membership of the United Nations.
I thank you, Mr. President.