Statement by H.E Ambassador Hoang Chi Trung, Deputy Permanent Representative On Agenda Item 9: Report of the Security Council of the United Nations and Item 111: Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Counci
11-18-2008, 11:54 am
New York, Tuesday, November 18th
First of all, on behalf of the Vietnamese
Delegation, let me begin by expressing our deepest thanks to H.E Ambassador
Jorge Urbina, the Permanent Representative of Costa Rica and President of the Security Council for November, for
presenting the report on the Council’s activities to the General Assembly.
My delegation wishes to align itself with the statement made by the distinguished
representative of Cuba on behalf of the Non-Aligned
Movement on two important agenda items relating to the report of the Security
Council and the question of equitable representation on and increase in the
membership of the Security Council and related matters.
It is a fact that the workload of the Security Council is increasing every year.
peace and security remains to be challenged, and much is required of the Security Council to
discharge its responsibilities.
From a body that met only a few times a month, the Council has turned into one
that holds hundreds of meetings a year. Within the period from August 2007 –
July 2008, the Security Council held 219 formal meetings and 177 consultations of the whole. On
the ground, in addition to 17 operating missions mandated by the Security
Council, the deployment of other peacekeeping operations, particularly in Africa, is being speeded up
to strengthen local
While conflicts and deadly violence continue to take
place in Iraq, Afghanistan,
the Occupied Palestinian Territories and other regions, that’s not to mentionthe outbreak of new ones in the
Balkans and the Caucasus, the United Nations-led peace-making efforts, including preventive diplomacy, conflict
prevention, to some extent,have yielded encouraging tangible outcomes, helping tostrengthen peace and stability in many countries
in various regions of the world.
Against this background, we take note of the efforts
made by the
Security Council as well as the Secretariat to fulfil their work, especially by facilitating the implementation of the measures stated in the President’s July 2006 Note. As an advocate of the reforms which would increase the
efficiency, effectiveness, transparency, and interaction of the United Nations system,
including the Security Council, we are encouraged by the positive developments
to this end, particularly a growing trend towards transparency with an
unprecedented large number of open meetings held by the Council, and the more
intensive participation by non-member States in the Council’s work than
In this regard, Vietnamwelcomes the open debate
held by the Security Council on 27thAugust 2008 on
reviewing the improvement of its working methods, as well as the efforts to intensify the
Security Council’s consultations with the broader UN membership in its
work, including the drafting of its annual report to the General Assembly.
fully convincedthat more shouldbe done to make
the Security Council further accountable for its actionsas expected by the
large membership. As the keypart of the renewal of the United Nations system, the reform of the Security Council should
be further expeditedboth in terms of its representation and working methods.
We would like to reiterate our position that a modern Security Council
must be more
representative and democratic with an enlargement in both permanent
and non-permanent categories
of membership. At the
same time, a greater focus
should be put on
improving the Council’s
agenda, working methods and decision-making process.We wish to underline the view of the
Non-Aligned Movement that transparency, openness and consistency are key
elements that the Council should observe.
To this end, we are in favor of creating more opportunities for the
United Nations members to express their views and proposals
on issues of which the Council is seized. Frequent consultations with concerned parties would also do much to help ensure
the greatest support for the Council. However, transparency must not be exercised at the expense of overlapping
the work of the Council and that of other bodies such as the General Assembly,
ECOSOC, OCHA and other agencies, and hence weakening their coordination.
efficiency, apart from measures to streamline its work, the Council
should avoid involvement
in issues not falling under the purview of its mandate as stipulated by the
Charter of the United Nations, and reserve more efforts to facilitating dialogue and
mediation rather than abusing sanctions by invoking Chapter VII of the Charter.
high time for the state members to begin genuine negotiations on the reform of
the Security Council. In support of Decision 62/557 adopted by the General
Assembly on 15thSeptember 2008,
my Delegation welcomes the
determination of the
President of the General Assembly to push ahead the process of the Security Council
reform at this Session. We are convinced that under the President’s wise
leadership, the United Nations will reap fruitful outcomes on the way ahead. We
also extend our support to H.E. Mr. Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan as chair of the inter-governmental
negotiations. We are looking forward to working closely with other members of
the United Nations in this process.
Finally, may I take this opportunity to express our most profound
gratitude for the support that we have enjoyed from Member States in carrying
out the duty as President of the Security Council in the month of July, the
drafting of the current Report of the Council in particular.