Statement by Mr.
Nguyen Tat Thanh, Deputy Permanent Representative,
on agenda item 64(a):
New Partnership for Africa's Development: Progress in implementation and
New York, 18 October 2007
First of all, I wish to thank the Secretary-General for his
New Partnership for
Africa’s Development: fifth consolidated report on progress in
implementation and international support
(A/62/203), which highlights progress made so far
towards the realisation of Africa’s aspirations for eradicating hunger and
poverty and attaining sustainable development and durable peace, and focuses on
the special needs of Africa for the implementation of the Internationally Agreed
Development Goals, including the MDGs.
Delegation associates itself with the statements made respectively by the
distinguished representatives of Pakistan on behalf of the Group of 77 and
China, and Indonesia on behalf of ASEAN.
marks the mid-point to the target date for attaining the Millennium Development
Goals. We are delighted to witness some encouraging progress made by African
States in their struggle for lasting peace, poverty eradication, HIV/AIDS
prevention and sustainable development. More African countries are
participating in the African Peer Review Mechanism, which enables them to
improve their political, economic and social performance. Despite these positive
developments, however, there remain enormous challenges facing African States in
their endeavors to achieve the MDGs. The continent continues to lag behind the
rest of the developing world and is still far from achieving the target of 6%
growth in Gross National Product per annum established by the United Nations New
Agenda for Development of Africa in the 1990s. Moreover, Africa is known to have
the lowest share of global FDI flows, shoulder growing debt burden, suffer from
an unfair and inequitable global trade regime, and seriously lack adequate
resources for development
response to these daunting magnitude of challenges, Viet Nam holds that the
international community should strengthen global partnership to provide African
States with support and assistance in their efforts to reach the Millennium
Development Goals, including through more and better aid for trade, further debt
relief and cancellation and improved market access for African products. In this
regard, Viet Nam fully supports the Secretary-General’s decision to establish
the Millennium Development Goal Africa Steering Group, which calls for
international support for Africa’s implementation of the Goals, and notes with
pleasure that the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative and the Heavily Indebted
Poor Countries Initiative have been complemented by bilateral debt relief
efforts of the Group of Eight and other donor countries.
also worth re-stating that aid for trade performs a vital role in bringing
additional resources to scale up investments necessary for African states to
achieve the MDGs. Viet Nam is of the view that, by enabling better use of
trading opportunities and facilitating trade flows, the Aid for Trade
initiative has great potential for accelerating growth in Africa, which is not
yet taking full advantage of unilateral and negotiated trade liberalization.
However, we should not consider Aid for Trade to be an isolated response
to the trading challenges facing African countries, but rather to be part of the
ongoing effort to build a global partnership for development, in which
South-South and North-South cooperation are of paramount importance. In this
connection, Viet Nam welcomes the ongoing initiatives and partnerships being
undertaken by the Special Unit for South-South cooperation at the subregional,
regional, inter-regional and global levels towards establishing public–private
partnership mechanisms aiming to enhance and expand South-South cooperation,
including triangular cooperation in trade and investment.
past years, the scope of cooperation between Viet Nam and African brothers and
sisters has been expanded bilaterally or in the South-South Cooperation
Framework in areas ranging from agriculture, industry, science and technology to
health care, education and environmental protection. Viet Nam has signed
numerous cooperation agreements and projects with African States, such as the
Agriculture Cooperation Project with Mozambique under the sponsorship of the
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Tripartite Cooperation
Project between Viet Nam, France and Mali, and the Project on Lessons Learned
from Economic Development and Poverty Eradication in Viet Nam with the
participation of Viet Nam, Benin and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Trade relations are driven by a dynamism of mutual interest. Viet Nam’s two-way
trade volume with Africa grew many folds between 1991 and 2006, from just US $15
million to approximately US$1 billion.
conclude by reaffirming that strengthening all-sided relations with Africa
continues to be a corner-stone of Viet Nam’s foreign policy and, we shall
continue to explore ways and means to further contribute to the successful
implementation of NEPAD.
you, Mr. President.