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Statement by Ambassador Hoang Chi Trung Deputy Permanent Representative On Agenda Item 33: Comprehensive Review of the Whole Question of Peacekeeping Operations in All Their Aspects at the Fourth Committee of the 64th GA Session
10-27-2009, 09:21 am

New York - Tuesday, October 27th , 2009

Mr. Chairman,

On behalf of the Vietnamese Delegation, may I congratulate you and other members of the bureau on your election to the chairmanship of the Fourth Committee of the 64th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. We wish to assure you of our full cooperation and support.

My Delegation wishes to associate itself with the statement made by the distinguished representative of Morocco on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement and the statement made by the distinguished representative of Thailand on behalf of the Association of the South East Asian Nations.

            Mr. Chairman,

            Today, with more than 117,000 personnel serving in 17 peacekeeping operations across five continents, peacekeeping operations have shouldered a unique spectrum of multi-faceted mandates that extend far beyond the traditional tasks and evolved to meet new challenges and political realities. The challenges that peacekeepers face today are unprecedented in scale, complexity, and risk level. Their engagement includes supporting political dialogue between parties, assisting national Governments to broaden State authority, advising on security sector reforms, supporting disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes and protecting civilians. The growing multi-dimensionality and complexity of protracted conflicts has also brought about an abrupt surge in peacekeeping demand in recent years and overstretched the capacity of the Organization.

            The changing context and evolving nature of peacekeeping operations have attested the durability of political commitment of national stakeholders, the availability of support of the international community and the efficiency of coordination among the agencies of the United Nations. The intersection between peacekeeping and conflict prevention and resolution, preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peacebuilding remains pertinent and critical for the smooth transition of war-ravaged countries to lasting peace, security and development.

Mr. Chairman,

It is our conviction that the establishment and deployment of peacekeeping missions should strictly observe the purposes and principles enshrined in the United Nations Charter, and those that have evolved to govern peacekeeping as its basic principles, namely the consent of the concerned parties, the non-use of force except in self-defense and impartiality. In a broader context, the success, credibility and effectiveness of the United Nations peacekeeping operations continues to rest upon the respect for the fundamental principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of all States and non-intervention into matters that are essentially within their domestic jurisdiction.

            Mr. Chairman,

            The Vietnamese Delegation reaffirms its strong support for the efforts and the initiatives to make peacekeeping operations more effective and more efficient. We commend the Secretariat for the introduction of the “New Horizon Project” Non-Paper. Ten years after the introduction of the Brahimi Report on the United Nations peacekeeping operations, the Non-Paper is a good basis for member states to engage in in-depth debates on ways to further improve the efficacy and effectiveness of this important instrument for the maintenance of world peace and security

On this occassion, we wish to express our support for the efforts and initiatives of the Departments of Peacekeeping Operations and Field Support to promote organizational reforms within their organizations, including developing a standing police capacity in a strengthened Police Division, increasing capacity in the Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions and in the Office of Military Affairs in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations. In undertaking these reforms, it is crucial to preserve the unity of command in peacekeeping missions at all levels as well as the coherence in policy and strategy.

We support the Secretary General’s view as outlined in his Report on the Work of the United Nations at this Session that the United Nations needs a renewed global partnership with Member States and its partners within and outside the United Nations system to ensure that requests for United Nations peacekeeping are accompanied by active political strategies and political support as well as adequate resources to implement mandates.

Once an operation is established, sustained political and financial supports from member states are essential. In a nutshell, for the peacekeeping operations to succeed, it imperative that they are given achievable  and clear mandates and provided with adequate financial and human resources.

My delegation shares the concerns expressed over the increasing threat to the security and safety of the United Nations peacekeepers serving in difficult and often hostile environments. We condemn the killing, targeted attacks and all acts of violence carried out against the United Nations peacekeepers and call for measures to enhance their security and safety.

Mr. Chairman,

To conclude, may I reiterate our conviction that the member states should work much harder together to make a greater use of peacekeeping and thus making further contributions to the cause of international peace and security.

I thank you, Mr. Chairman.

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