Statement by Ambassador Hoang Chi Trung, Deputy Permanent Representative at the joint debate of the United Nations General Assembly on Item 9: “Report of the Security Council” and Item 111: “Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in
11-12-2009, 10:49 am
by Ambassador Hoang Chi Trung,
Deputy Permanent Representative
at the joint debate of the United
Nations General Assembly
on Item 9: “Report of the Security
and Item 111: “Question of
Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security
Council and Related Matters”
New York -
Thursday, November 12, 2009
First of all, I would like to thank H.E Ambassador Thomas Mayr-Harting, Permanent
Representative of Austria
and President of the Security Council for November, for presenting the annual report
of the Security Council to the General Assembly.
My delegation wishes to align itself with the statement
made by the distinguished representative of the Arab Republic of Egypt on
behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
period under review, the
growing complexity and multidimensionality in international situation has
tasked the Security Council with further challenging responsibilities in
shouldering its noble mission of maintaining international peace and security.
In this regard, my Delegation acknowledges the efforts exerted by the Council
members to fulfill the tasks, particularly by managing to smoothly conduct the
hectic program of work, to regularly review and take appropriate actions on
conflict situations in Africa, Europe, the Americas and Asia, as well as to consult
with the concerned parties to quickly react to terrorist acts and security
crisis in various regions in the world.
Our delegation also wishes to
underscore the amount of efforts and attention that the Council devoted to the
consideration of thematic, general and other issues, including peacekeeping,
peace-building, mediation, protection of civilians in armed conflicts, women
and peace and security, as well as to the work of its subsidiary organs.
The Annual Report of the Security
Council this year reflects improvement in terms of both its format and content.
It is a good basis for further substantive discussions by the General Assembly.
It is essential that the quality of the Report be further consolidated in order
to better grasp the increased role and involvement of the Council under the
current challenging circumstances. To be more specific, it is necessary to find
appropriate ways to reflect in the report the concerns of troop- and police-
contributing countries, the coordination between the Security Council and other
United Nations principal organs, the legitimate interests of the countries in
question and the role of regional and sub-regional organizations in
The cases in which the Council was unable to take actions, the mechanism as to how the provisions
of Chapter VI of the Charter can be fully utilized for the pacific settlements
of disputes are also factors that need to be taken into due account. To this
end, my Delegation believe that there is a scope to further develop the
consultations with not only Council members, but also the United Nations
membership at large, in the course of outlining and finalizing the Annual
Report to make it more analytical, balanced and substantive. Given the added
values and potential contributions that these interactions and inputs may bring
about, we strongly support the continuation of holding broad consultations with
Member States in drafting the Annual Report of the Security Council.
Regarding the Security Council
reform, we are encouraged by the positive steps taken both inside and outside
the Security Council over the past period to move this difficult process further
ahead. In face of an increasing amount of work, the Council members and the
Secretariat as well, have made commendable efforts to enhance the Council’s
transparency and effectiveness. For instance, a number of measures envisaged in
the Presidential Note S/2006/507 have been put into play with active responses
from the members and parties concerned. As a result, comparing with several
years earlier, the Council now holds more public meetings and consults more frequently
with external actors, including troop contributing countries, regional
organization, NGOs. More opportunity has also been given to related UN members
to speak before the Council takes action.
At the General Assembly, under
the wise leadership of your predecessor, H.E Mr. Miguel D’Escoto Brockmann, President
of the 63rd Session, Decision 62/557went into effect with the commencement of intergovernmental negotiations
on the Council reform since February 2009. It is very encouraging that informal
meetings on each reform topic stimulated active participation of Member States
in every session. A big number of member states took these opportunities to present
their positions and proposals in an effort to speed up the reform process and to
find a common voice on issues. We hope that such invaluable ideas, inputs will
be taken into considerations in preparing for the next phase of our intergovernmental
However, no breakthrough has
been recorded in the reform of the Council. The current membership structure is
still a challenge to the United Nations fundamental principles of equality, representation
and proper reflection of the geopolitical realities of our time.
For the coming negotiations to succeed, the reform of the
Security Council should be addressed in a more comprehensive, transparent, and
balanced manner. Reforming the Security Council and its working methods must
ensure that the agenda of the Council reflects the needs and interests of both
developing and developed countries in an objective, rational, non-selective and
non-arbitrary manner. Pending its final elimination, the application of veto
power by the permanent members must be restricted and preventive diplomacy should
be further promoted along with concerted efforts for peaceful settlement of
conflicts rather than reactive measures with abusive punitive sanctions. We would
liketo avail ourselves of this
opportunity to reiterate our firm position that the Security Council should be enlarged in both categories, permanent and
non-permanent, with more
representatives from developing countries.
It is our strong conviction that this 64th
Session of the United Nations General Assembly is a crucial time and now is the
time for member states to act together in the spirits of partnership,
compromise and flexibility to bring our efforts of reforming the Security
Council to a fruitful outcome.
Against this backdrop, we welcome your
initiative to assign the Reform of the Security Council as one of the main
priorities of the 64th General Assembly Session and highly
appreciate your commitments to sparing no effort to make the reform process
achievable as soon as possible. We congratulate H.E Ambassador Zahir Tanin for
his continued entrusted task as Chair of the intergovernmental negotiations and
wish to assure him of our full support.