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Statement by Ambassador Hoang Chi Trung, Deputy Permanent Representative at the joint debate of the United Nations General Assembly on Item 9: “Report of the Security Council” and Item 111: “Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in
11-12-2009, 10:49 am


by Ambassador Hoang Chi Trung, Deputy Permanent Representative

at the joint debate of the United Nations General Assembly

on Item 9: “Report of the Security Council”

and Item 111: “Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council and Related Matters”

New York -  Thursday, November 12, 2009


Mr. President,

First of all, I would like to thank H.E Ambassador Thomas Mayr-Harting, Permanent Representative of Austria and President of the Security Council for November, for presenting the annual report of the Security Council to the General Assembly.

My delegation wishes to align itself with the statement made by the distinguished representative of the Arab Republic of Egypt on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Mr. President,

During the period under review, the growing complexity and multidimensionality in international situation has tasked the Security Council with further challenging responsibilities in shouldering its noble mission of maintaining international peace and security. In this regard, my Delegation acknowledges the efforts exerted by the Council members to fulfill the tasks, particularly by managing to smoothly conduct the hectic program of work, to regularly review and take appropriate actions on conflict situations in Africa, Europe, the Americas and Asia, as well as to consult with the concerned parties to quickly react to terrorist acts and security crisis in various regions in the world.

Our delegation also wishes to underscore the amount of efforts and attention that the Council devoted to the consideration of thematic, general and other issues, including peacekeeping, peace-building, mediation, protection of civilians in armed conflicts, women and peace and security, as well as to the work of its subsidiary organs.

The Annual Report of the Security Council this year reflects improvement in terms of both its format and content. It is a good basis for further substantive discussions by the General Assembly. It is essential that the quality of the Report be further consolidated in order to better grasp the increased role and involvement of the Council under the current challenging circumstances. To be more specific, it is necessary to find appropriate ways to reflect in the report the concerns of troop- and police- contributing countries, the coordination between the Security Council and other United Nations principal organs, the legitimate interests of the countries in question and the role of regional and sub-regional organizations in peacekeeping operations.

The cases in which the Council was unable to take actions, the mechanism as to how the provisions of Chapter VI of the Charter can be fully utilized for the pacific settlements of disputes are also factors that need to be taken into due account. To this end, my Delegation believe that there is a scope to further develop the consultations with not only Council members, but also the United Nations membership at large, in the course of outlining and finalizing the Annual Report to make it more analytical, balanced and substantive. Given the added values and potential contributions that these interactions and inputs may bring about, we strongly support the continuation of holding broad consultations with Member States in drafting the Annual Report of the Security Council.

Mr. President,

Regarding the Security Council reform, we are encouraged by the positive steps taken both inside and outside the Security Council over the past period to move this difficult process further ahead. In face of an increasing amount of work, the Council members and the Secretariat as well, have made commendable efforts to enhance the Council’s transparency and effectiveness. For instance, a number of measures envisaged in the Presidential Note S/2006/507 have been put into play with active responses from the members and parties concerned. As a result, comparing with several years earlier, the Council now holds more public meetings and consults more frequently with external actors, including troop contributing countries, regional organization, NGOs. More opportunity has also been given to related UN members to speak before the Council takes action.

At the General Assembly, under the wise leadership of your predecessor, H.E Mr. Miguel D’Escoto Brockmann, President of the 63rd Session, Decision 62/557 went into effect with the commencement of intergovernmental negotiations on the Council reform since February 2009. It is very encouraging that informal meetings on each reform topic stimulated active participation of Member States in every session. A big number of member states took these opportunities to present their positions and proposals in an effort to speed up the reform process and to find a common voice on issues. We hope that such invaluable ideas, inputs will be taken into considerations in preparing for the next phase of our intergovernmental negotiations.

      However, no breakthrough has been recorded in the reform of the Council. The current membership structure is still a challenge to the United Nations fundamental principles of equality, representation and proper reflection of the geopolitical realities of our time.

      Mr. President,

      For the coming negotiations to succeed, the reform of the Security Council should be addressed in a more comprehensive, transparent, and balanced manner. Reforming the Security Council and its working methods must ensure that the agenda of the Council reflects the needs and interests of both developing and developed countries in an objective, rational, non-selective and non-arbitrary manner. Pending its final elimination, the application of veto power by the permanent members must be restricted and preventive diplomacy should be further promoted along with concerted efforts for peaceful settlement of conflicts rather than reactive measures with abusive punitive sanctions. We would like to avail ourselves of this opportunity to reiterate our firm position that the Security Council should be enlarged in both categories, permanent and non-permanent, with more representatives from developing countries.

      It is our strong conviction that this 64th Session of the United Nations General Assembly is a crucial time and now is the time for member states to act together in the spirits of partnership, compromise and flexibility to bring our efforts of reforming the Security Council to a fruitful outcome.

      Against this backdrop, we welcome your initiative to assign the Reform of the Security Council as one of the main priorities of the 64th General Assembly Session and highly appreciate your commitments to sparing no effort to make the reform process achievable as soon as possible. We congratulate H.E Ambassador Zahir Tanin for his continued entrusted task as Chair of the intergovernmental negotiations and wish to assure him of our full support.

      I thank you, Mr. President.


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