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Viet Nam & UN  »  Legal Issues  »  66th General Assembly
 
Statement by Mr. Pham Binh Anh Representative of the Delegation of Viet Nam at the Third Committee of the 66th Session of the General Assembly On agenda item: Rights of Children
11-25-2011, 01:08 am

(New York, 14 October 2011)

 

Mr. Chairman,

At the outset, my Delegation wishes to thank you for the opportunity to join our voice with other distinguished colleagues on this important topic. I would also like to thank the Secretary-General, his Special Representatives, the Special Rapporteur and the Committee on the Rights of the Child for their detailed reports and tireless efforts for the well-being of children.

My Delegation aligns itself with the statement made earlier by the distinguished Representative of Malaysia on behalf of ASEAN.

Mr. Chairman,

Children are the future of humanity, the world, each nation, community and family. Effective protection and promotion of the rights of the child will mean better guarantee for our future. In this spirit, we commend the great effort by Member States in child rights protection and promotion despite the protracted global economic downturn, unresolved armed conflicts in many places and endless destructive natural disasters, resulting in important achievements related to the rights of children. Regretfully, challenges and difficulties still remain gloomy. There are every year still 8.1 million deaths among the under-5s and over 350,000 maternal deaths. About 67 million children are still left out of school, while millions of others are still victimized by armed conflicts, trafficking in persons, child labor, killing, maiming, and sexual violence, etc. Therefore, my Delegation wishes to highlight the following points:

First, the protection and promotion of the child rights should in reality become part and parcel of not only legal systems and socio-economic development strategies and policies of Member States but also of plans and programs of all development agencies of the United Nations. This is more urgent now that when the world is still struggling to overcome impacts of the global economic crisis in 2008-2009, especially the drastic food and energy price fluctuations, in order to ensure the sustainability of programs targeting children.

Second, whereas coordination among UN bodies, specialized agencies, and treaty bodies related to children has made a significant stride, closer and more effective coordination among these entities remains the order of the day, particularly between the Committee on the Rights of the Child, UNICEF, the Special Representative on Children and Armed Conflict, the Special Representative on Violence against Children, OHCHR, and Special Procedures, if we are to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency in efforts to protect and promote the rights of children without duplication and loopholes of work and responsibilities. This is particularly apparent due to the complexity and diversity of issues related to children we are all facing.

Mr. Chairman,

Being one of the first countries to ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child and a party to the 2 Optional Protocols, Viet Nam is committed to protecting and promoting the best interest of the child. This committment is clearly manifested in our National Constitution and many major pieces of legislation, such as the Labor Law, the Penal Code and the Civil Code. Shortly after its ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, the Vietnamese National Assembly adopted in 1991 the Law on Protection, Care and Education of Children and revised it in 2004. Many programs and action plans benefiting children have also been implemented throughout the country. At the international level, we have recently completed and submitted the 3rd and 4th reports on the country’s implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and are actively implementing the recommendations of the Convention Committee.

A good legal and policy framework and its ensuing implementation have combined led to tangible achievements in Viet Nam’s improved child rights records. In healthcare, over 90% of the under-6s population (about 9 million) have received free health insurance. Vaccination programs have been implemented nationwide, including particularly in remote and mountain areas, contributing to the virtual elimination of many infectious diseases in children. Micronutrient supplementary programs have helped to reduce the rate of malnourished children down to 22% while significantly reducing the infant mortality rate. In education, Viet Nam has completed the universalization of the primary education level and is in the process of universalizing secondary education level. Notably, we have been successful in narrowing down the gender gap in education at all levels and realized many entitlement policies for children of ethnic minorities. The protection and promotion of children has switched onto a new stage, that of the rights- and need-based approach.

Mr. Chairman,

There are now more than 23.6 million children in Viet Nam, accounting for 27.5% of the population. They represent a precious asset of the nation. For them to be best taken care of, Viet Nam has adopted the National Action Plan on Children for the period 2011-2015, one of the concrete aims of which is to, by 2015, reduce the rate of children with a special need down to 5.5%, provide assistance and care for 80% of them; identify and intervene in 70% of high vulnerability children, focusing on those with a special need, including ethnic minority and disadvantaged children in the first place.

To conclude, Mr. Chairman, I wish to reiterate Viet Nam’s commitment to work proactively and constructively with other Member States, UN mechanisms and relevant stakeholders to further strengthen the protection and promotion of the rights of the child, toward a better common future of humanity.

I thank you, Mr. Chairman.

 

 



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