Ambassador Le Hoai Trung
Representative of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam to the United Nations
of the Association of the South East Asian Nations
25: Operational activities for development of the Second Committee
67th Session of the United
Nations General Assembly
(New York, October 15, 2012)
(Please check against
the honour of
delivering this statement on behalf of the ten member states of the Association
of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), namely
Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar,
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
ASEAN associates itself with the
statement made by the distinguished representative of Algeria on behalf of the Group 77 and China.
attaches great importance to development cooperation which constitutes as one
of the main pillars of work of the UN today. As developing countries that have
gone through different stages of development, ASEAN members have benefited
greatly and highly appreciate the assistance provided by the UN through its
operational activities for development. In particular, ASEAN wishes to express its appreciation to UN-ESCAP for the
constructive role in supporting ASEAN Community building through promoting
regional connectivity, building resilience and bridging development gaps among
countries in the region. We also look forward to continued support and
co-operation of the UN with ASEAN countries in various fields in the time
ahead. In this connection, as the Secretary-General reaffirmed during the
ASEAN-United Nations Ministerial Meeting on 28 September 2012 the readiness of
the UN to work closely with ASEAN on concrete collaborative activities under
the framework of the ASEAN-United Nations Comprehensive Partnership, ASEAN
invites the UN development system to engage closely with ASEAN with a view to
implementing the Comprehensive Partnership as a matter of priority.
commends efforts made by the Secretary General, the leadership and staff of the
UN development system and by member states to promote UN development
co-operation in many respects and make elaborate preparations for the
Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review process. We welcome the Secretary
General’s report which detailed many concrete recommendations.
of all, ASEAN believes it is important to reiterate that the nature of
development co-operation derives from and is based on the Charter of the United
Nations, which stipulates that the main purpose of the UN includes
international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic,
social, cultural or humanitarian character (Article 1 and 55 of the Charter).
As asserted many times by member states in important UN resolutions and
documents, development is one of the main areas of work of the UN and
instrumental to the efforts by the international community to maintain peace,
security and promote human rights. In reality, development co-operation and
operational activities have expanded remarkably and brought about tangible and
significant results to the socio-economic development process in many
this reason, ASEAN holds the role of the UN development system in high regard and
acknowledges the comparative advantages of the different UN funds, programs and specialised agencies. We share the view
that there have been developments in the international arena and at the
national level that create new opportunities as well as challenges. The changing architecture of
the global development cooperation indeed requires the UN development system to
remain able to deliver optimum results and most importantly to better reflect
the changes in the international development cooperation into its system.
In this respect, the Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review also holds
the key in initiating discourse on reforming the governance within the UN
development system particularly with the aim of promoting a more balanced
geographic and gender representation.
same time, the fundamental characteristics and principles for UN operational
activities for development must be ensured and should remain, inter alia, their
universal, voluntary and grant nature, their neutrality and their multilateralism,
as well as their ability to respond to the development needs of programme countries in a flexible manner.
Operational activities carried out must be for the benefit of programme countries, at the request of
those countries and in accordance with their own policies and priorities for
ASEAN shares the common concern of the developing countries that resources for
development activities are in serious decline and in this regard calls donor
countries to honour their
commitment of financial assistance for UN operational activities, in particular
to narrow the enormous imbalance between core and non-core resources. In
ensuring stable and predictable funding, development partners could consider
multi-year financing frameworks or other appropriate modalities. We support the
recommendation by the Secretary General that the General Assembly, Executive
Boards of UN development system organs and member states could further discuss this
issue in the near future.
priorities should be given to countries most in need, in particular LDCs and
LLDCs, in order to realize the internationally agreed development goals, ASEAN
would also wish to highlight the need for development assistance from middle
income countries, especially the demand for greater capacity-building, as they
face new and numerous challenges that are specific to MICs.
ASEAN strongly supports efforts to reform the UN development system with a view
to enhancing greater coherence, effectiveness and efficiency at all levels and
improving the UN’s mandate of operational activities for development. It is important
to emphasize that strong government ownership is critical to this process. In
this regard, Delivering as One is an example of such efforts. Based on actual implementation
of the initiative across countries and on existing evaluation and assessment
reports, it is recommended that the UN development system promote success
stories and address the outstanding issues. On the other hand, the principle of
“no one size fits all” approach should be reiterated and the implementation of
Delivering as One and/or other modalities, if necessary, has to accommodate the
specific characteristics and requirements of each particular country.
growing role of South-South co-operation underscores the fact that it is an
important modality to realise
internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development
Goals, due to the many common economic, geographical, regional and social
characteristics that these countries share, thus further facilitating the
process of expertise and resource sharing at relatively low cost. It is
however, not to be considered as substitute but rather a complement to
North-South co-operation. To this end, the UN with its central role for
development should make greater effort to mobilise support for promoting
South-South cooperation and we encourage development partners to scale up
knowledge sharing, technology transfer and peer-learning, strengthening of
policy and institutional frameworks.
forward to the future, ASEAN believes that the priorities for the UN
development system should focus on continuing the implementation of action
plans, outcomes and goals agreed by member states in international conferences
on development, including the MDGs, as well as those set out beyond the 2015
timeframe and in accordance with the UN sustainable development agenda and
addressing the new emerging challenges posed to the development process.
you, Mr. Chairman.