by Ambassador Pham Vinh Quang, Deputy Permanent Representative
of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam to the United Nations
at the Fourth Committee of the UNGA 67th Session
on Agenda Item 54: Comprehensive Review of
the Whole Question of Peacekeeping Operations in All Their Aspects
At the outset, I wish to commened the comprehensive report of General-Secretary containing in the document A/67/312 and the briefings of the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Mr. Herve Ladsous and the Under-Secretary-General for Department of Field Support, Ms Ameerah Haq.
My delegation wishes to align itself with the statement delivered by the distinguished representative of Egypt on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement and the statement by the distinguished representative of Thailand on behalf of the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations.
United Nations peacekeeping is a core function of the United Nations and is a key instrument of the Member States in support of the maintenance of international peace and security. From a modest operation in 1948, UN peacekeeping has undertaken 67 field missions and reached today’s height of more than 120,000 personnel serving on 16 peace operations on four continents, helping create the conditions to bringing peace, security and development to millions of people in war-torn countries.
At the same time, UN peacekeeping is now facing diverse and daunting challenges rising from the surge in demand, growing complexity of environments on the grounds as well as the question of resources and the overstretch in capacity. We support the ongoing series of reforms by UN Member States and the UN Secretariat to strengthen UN peacekeeping, including recommendations from the Brahimi report, the “Peace operations 2010”, the “Capstone Doctrine”, the “New Horizon” process and its progress reports to strengthen the peacekeeping partnership. We take note the continued efforts by the Department of Peacekeeping and the Department of Field Support in reinvigorating the peacekeeping operations to meet demands in an effective and sustainable manner. After a decade of considerable surge, it appears that UN peacekeeping may now be headed toward a period of consolidation and we support the concept of right-sizing and periodic review of all the dispositifs of peacekeeping missions, suggested by the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Mr. Herve Ladsous last month. We also support the recommendations contained in the Report of the Special Committee of Peacekeeping Operations that helped make peacekeeping stronger, more effective and comparatively cost-efficient.
During the course of reforming UN peacekeeping, it is vital that we do not forget the fact that over the past six decades, United Nations peacekeeping has evolved and guided by basic principles, which still remain relevant and should be preserved. Therefore, the establishment of any peacekeeping operation or extension of mandate of existing operations should strictly observe the purposes and principles of the UN Charter like respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of States, and non-interference into their internal affairs… as well as guiding principles of United Nations peacekeeping, namely the consent of the parties, the non-use of force except in self-defense and impartiality.
To meet the challenges of today and tomorrow, it is indeed crucial for UN peacekeeping to have a shared agenda and a renewed global partnership between Member States, UN system entities, regional and sub-regional organizations and others partners. It is crystal-clear that we need an effective triangular cooperation between Troop Contributing Countries (TCC’s), the Secretariat and the Security Council. The TCCs should be involved early and fully, in all aspects and stages of UN peacekeeping operations. The cooperation between the United Nations and regional and sub regional organizations may bring added values if we are to fully comprehend the nature of the situation and if we are to enable the mission to achieve the intended objective.
Events over the past years have underlined the importance of building civilian capacity in the aftermath of conflict. In this context we welcomed the General Assembly Resolution 66/255 and the Secretary-General’s report A/67/312 in support of national capacities for post-conflict peace building. As the UN Secretary General put in his report, “civilian capacities and institution building pathways cannot be imposed from outside”, Viet Nam therefore wishes to emphasize the need for fully respecting the principle of national ownership, enhanced cooperation, and inclusive processes towards developing civilian capacities and expertise. While broaden and deepen the pool of experts, we should pay attention to mobilizing capacities from developing countries and keep close consultations with countries from the global South which had successful experiences in post-crisis situations. Viet Nam is looking forward to working constructively with Member States and the Secretariat in this matter.
Viet Nam will continue an independent foreign policy for peace, cooperation and development. In the effort to be a responsible member of the international community, working for the prosperity of every nation, we shall deepen and proactively participate in international integration. In this connection, Viet Nam is finalizing its preparations for effectively participating in UN PKO, in conformity with its capability and conditions.
I thank you Mr. Chairman.