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Satement by H.E. Ambassador Le Hoai Trung, Permanent Representative of Viet Nam to the United Nations at the General Debate of the Second Committee of the 68th of the United Nations General Assembly
10-14-2013, 08:24 am




At the General Debate of the Second Committee of the 68th session of the United Nations General Assembly

New York, October 10th

                                                (Check against delivery)


Mr. Chairman,

At the outset, allow me to congratulate you and the other members of the Bureau on your elections to the leadership positions of the Committee.

My delegation associates itself with the statements made by the distinguished representative of Fiji on behalf of the Group of 77 and China and Indonesia on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Mr Chairman,

As we reflect back on the past 12 months, the world has continued to grapple with numerous challenges. Economic growth is slowing down and uneven in different parts of the world. Recovery is modest in major economies and often contains risks. Although Europe has averted a break-up of the monetary union, the debt, financial and unemployment crisis linger on and have made a profound impact on society. In recent months, we have witnessed the volatility of domestic currencies and slowing growth in many of the so-called emerging economies, reflecting macroeconomic instability and hinting structural problems. The Doha development round is still in a stalemate. All of these factors have negative effects on many developing countries, in particular LDCs.

In other dimensions, the world is seeing rising inequality within and across countries. The over-exploitation of natural resources, pollution have led to global warming, rising sea levels and new epidemics, taking an enormous toll on the environment and on human lives, especially those in developing countries. These are serious development challenges that no single country can solve by itself and force governments to rethink about pursuing a different growth model which is more sustainable and equitable.

As all of us have agreed, international governance mechanisms play a very important role in identifying these challenges and coordinating and cooperating with each other to address these challenges. The UN should be able to play a more effective role in coordinating and facilitating solutions to deal with the above challenges. In this regard, we recognize the UN’s active response as reflected in the Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Development in 2009.  It also organised the Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012. 

Viet Nam strongly believes that one of the UN’s primary priorities continues to be the promotion of the mandates entrusted to the organisation, in particular those related to the realization of the Millennium Development Goals at this critical juncture of less than 900 days to the deadline. We welcome the Outcome document of the recent Special Event on the Review of MDGs on 25 September 2013, which calls for renewed commitments to accelerate the achievement of the MDGs by 2015. As a country on its way to achieve the MDGs by the 2015 deadline, Viet Nam understands the profound importance of realising the MDGs in lifting people out of poverty, improving people’s lives and contributing to the overall socio-economic development of each nation. In this regard, my delegation wishes to commend and express support for H.E. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon’s special initiatives, namely the Zero Hunger Challenge and the Global Education First initiative, to galvanize action towards particular MDGs that appear to be lagging.

Mr. Chairman,

This session is a critical one, as the UN is setting the stage for a new development agenda beyond the 2015 mark. A number of work streams are under way, in particular the three post-Rio+20 processes. We welcome the establishment of the High Level Political Forum on sustainable development which is expected to provide the political leadership and guidance necessary to push forward the implementation and monitoring of sustainable development. On our part, Viet Nam will continue to contribute to the ongoing work of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals and we believe sustainable development lies at the core of the new development agenda. Also core to the new agenda and the SDGs is the need to create a favourable international economic, trade and financial environment, in order to facilitate equitable and inclusive economic growth.   

With regards to the process, Viet Nam wishes to highlight that while ensuring an open, inclusive and transparent process, building a new development agenda has to be inter-governmental in nature to ensure the accountability of governments who are the primary entities responsible for implementing this development agenda. Principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities are also underscored to guide the process.

The real decline in resources for development cooperation has negative implications in many respects and Viet Nam would like to echo the concern expressed by many delegations that ODA fell in two consecutive years. While understanding that further enhancement of efficiency and effectiveness of operational activities is important, the critical issue at hand is ensuring an improved, predictable and sustainable flow of financial resources for development and we call on our partners to facilitate this.

Viet Nam looks forward to contributing to the lively debate ahead and working with all other delegations in the furtherance of the work of our Committee.

I thank you for your kind attention. 


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