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Statement by H.E. Mr. Le Hoai Trung Permanent Representative of Viet Nam to the United Nations at the Open Debate of the Security Council on “Wars, Lessons of War and the Search for Permanent Peace”
02-01-2014, 11:06 am





by H.E. Mr. Le Hoai Trung

Permanent Representative of Viet Nam to the United Nations

at the Open Debate of the Security Council

on “Wars, Lessons of War and the Search for Permanent Peace”

29 January 2014


Mr. President,

Allow me first to congratulate you and the Jordanian delegation on the excellent work done during your Security Council Presidency for the month of January 2014. We commend your initiative to hold today’s debate on “Wars, Lessons of War and the Search for permanent peace”, which is related to the overriding purpose of the collective work of the United Nations.

Mr. President,

War and peace have always been the first and foremost concern of  humankind throughout history, ever more so today due to the catastrophic consequences of the two World Wars and numerous other conflicts. It is the devastation of wars that has brought the international community together in unprecedented collective endeavors to “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war” to “promote social progress and better standards of life” as embodied in the United Nations Charter.

Since its inception nearly seven decades ago, the United Nations has proved to be instrumental in preventing another world war that could tragically destroy the entire human civilization.  The UN has worked hard to de-escalate, find solutions to and address the consequences of conflicts all over the world.

Yet, conflicts, both between and within states, still wreak havoc on millions of lives and the development of too many nations. It is therefore critical that we reflect on what have produced such tragic outcomes in certain places, what have prevented them in others and what we can do to build lasting peace for all.

Mr. President,

We would like to touch upon a number of lessons of history. Firstly, history has shown that way too often wars and conflicts stem from obsolete doctrines of power politics, from the ambition of domination and imposition and threat or use of force in settling international disputes, including those related to territorial and jurisdictional claims.

Secondly, history has also shown that the warlike forces will eventually meet with setbacks no matter how much the power they may be able to amass initially.  Nations’ aspirations for their independence, sovereignty and other invaluable, legitimate rights are a source of great strength.

Thirdly, however, once broken out, wars and conflicts cause enormous suffering to human beings and grave consequences in many aspects of the life of the nations directly involved and also of others, especially in today’s highly connected world.  And very unfortunately, a number of them are associated with historical legacies, misperceptions, misunderstandings and unintended incidents.

Nowadays, the United Nations and its member states have more and better means to prevent conflict and war. 

We must build, strengthen and make the best use of the institutions of peace, including the development of international law, international and regional organizations and mechanisms to facilitate dialogue, confidence building and the peaceful settlement of disputes.

We must denounce the use or threat of force in international relations and promote the peaceful settlement of disputes and a culture of peace. These are the most marked advancement of the United Nations from the League of Nations and still require a lot more to be done. In this regard, issues raised by the President of the Security Council of this month are highly pertinent.

We must assist nations in the aftermaths of war and conflict to rebuild and reconcile, to address the root causes of conflicts to ensure lasting peace.

As the United Nations Security Council is entrusted by the entire UN membership with the primary responsibility in the maintenance of international peace and security, the Council should constantly promote the themes and measures to consolidate peace and prevent war and conflict.  It requires the Council’s consistent efforts to find peaceful solutions to ongoing international disputes and conflicts as well as determined search for measures conducive to the promotion of peace.  In this connection, the Permanent Members of the Council bear special responsibilities. 

Mr. President,

Having had to gone through wars to defend our national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, Viet Nam understands firsthand the consequences of wars and conflicts. Viet Nam therefore shares the strong desire for peace.

As the Prime Minister of Viet Nam, H.E. Mr. Nguyen Tan Dung, emphasized in his speech before the 68th Session of the UN GA, there is an urgent and immense need to build and reinforce strategic trust, internationally and regionally, through concrete, constructive behavior and adherence to the UN Charter and international law. Only in such environment of strategic trust, in which every country is a responsible stakeholder, will the world enjoy better security environment and the lessons of wars be fully utilized.

I thank you for your kind attention./.

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