by H.E. Mr.
Le Hoai Trung
Representative of Viet Nam to the United Nations
at the Open
Debate of the Security Council
Lessons of War and the Search for Permanent Peace”
Allow me first
to congratulate you and the Jordanian delegation on the excellent work done during
your Security Council Presidency for the month of January 2014. We commend your
initiative to hold today’s debate on “Wars, Lessons of War and the Search for permanent
peace”, which is related to the overriding purpose of the collective work of
the United Nations.
War and peace
have always been the first and foremost concern of humankind throughout history, ever more so today
due to the catastrophic consequences of the two World Wars and numerous other
conflicts. It is the devastation of wars that has brought the international
community together in unprecedented collective endeavors to “save succeeding
generations from the scourge of war” to “promote social progress and better
standards of life” as embodied in the United Nations Charter.
inception nearly seven decades ago, the United Nations has proved to be
instrumental in preventing another world war that could tragically destroy the
entire human civilization. The UN has
worked hard to de-escalate, find solutions to and address the consequences of
conflicts all over the world.
both between and within states, still wreak havoc on millions of lives and the development
of too many nations. It is therefore critical that we reflect on what have
produced such tragic outcomes in certain places, what have prevented them in
others and what we can do to build lasting peace for all.
We would like
to touch upon a number of lessons of history. Firstly, history has shown that way
too often wars and conflicts stem from obsolete doctrines of power politics, from
the ambition of domination and imposition and threat or use of force in
settling international disputes, including those related to territorial and
has also shown that the warlike forces will eventually meet with setbacks no
matter how much the power they may be able to amass initially. Nations’ aspirations for their independence,
sovereignty and other invaluable, legitimate rights are a source of great
once broken out, wars and conflicts cause enormous suffering to human beings
and grave consequences in many aspects of the life of the nations directly involved
and also of others, especially in today’s highly connected world. And very unfortunately, a number of them are associated
with historical legacies, misperceptions, misunderstandings and unintended
United Nations and its member states have more and better means to prevent
conflict and war.
We must build,
strengthen and make the best use of the institutions of peace, including the
development of international law, international and regional organizations and
mechanisms to facilitate dialogue, confidence building and the peaceful
settlement of disputes.
denounce the use or threat of force in international relations and promote the
peaceful settlement of disputes and a culture of peace. These are the most
marked advancement of the United Nations from the League of Nations and still
require a lot more to be done. In this regard, issues raised by the President
of the Security Council of this month are highly pertinent.
We must assist
nations in the aftermaths of war and conflict to rebuild and reconcile, to
address the root causes of conflicts to ensure lasting peace.
As the United
Nations Security Council is entrusted by the entire UN membership with the
primary responsibility in the maintenance of international peace and security,
the Council should constantly promote the themes and measures to consolidate
peace and prevent war and conflict. It
requires the Council’s consistent efforts to find peaceful solutions to ongoing
international disputes and conflicts as well as determined search for measures
conducive to the promotion of peace. In
this connection, the Permanent Members of the Council bear special
Having had to gone
through wars to defend our national independence, sovereignty and territorial
integrity, Viet Nam understands firsthand the consequences of wars and
conflicts. Viet Nam therefore shares the strong desire for peace.
As the Prime
Minister of Viet Nam, H.E. Mr. Nguyen Tan Dung, emphasized in his speech before
the 68th Session of the UN GA, there is an urgent and immense need
to build and reinforce strategic trust, internationally and regionally, through
concrete, constructive behavior and adherence to the UN Charter and
international law. Only in such environment of strategic trust, in which every
country is a responsible stakeholder, will the world enjoy better security
environment and the lessons of wars be fully utilized.
I thank you for your kind attention./.