Statement by Mr. Hoang Chi Trung, Minister, Deputy Permanent Representative of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam at the Meeting of the Sixth Committee of the 61st Session of the United Nations General Assembly on Agenda Item 79 “Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization”
New York, 16 October 2006
At the outset, on behalf of the Vietnamese Delegation, I would like to express our deepest appreciation to the Chairman of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and Strengthening of the Role of the Organization, Ambassador Eduardo J. Sevilla Somoza of Nicaragua, and all other members of the Bureau, for preparing the Report contained in document A/61/33. Our thanks also go to the Secretary-General for his Report entitled “Implementation of the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations related to assistance to third States affected by the application of sanctions” contained in document A/61/304.
The United Nations Charter provides that sanctions are considered once a threat to peace or a breach of peace occurs and only after all peaceful means of settling disputes have been exhausted. In reality, sanctions are imposed on targeted States but may cause negative consequences to third States. I wish to share the view of many other Delegations that, sanctions should be applied strictly in accordance with the international law, especially the United Nations Charter. In order to minimize and avoid adverse impacts, sanctions must be clearly defined, targeted, and imposed for a specific time frame. They should be subject to periodic review and lifted as soon as reasons for their imposition have ceased to exist. Their ramifications should be taken into account and assessed prior to their imposition. Furthermore, assistance should be practically and timely given to third States affected by sanctions.
In this spirit, our delegation wishes to express our strong support for the revised working paper entitled “Declaration on the basic conditions and standard criteria for the introduction and implementation of sanctions and other coercive measures” submitted by the Russian Federation to the Special Committee. We sincerely thank the sponsor delegation for making the efforts to reflect the views of other delegations in its paper. We also support the revised paper submitted by the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya relating to the issue of sanctions and encourage delegations to consider these documents in a cooperative spirit with a view to concluding the work on these documents as soon as possible.
In the same vein, we welcome the decision of the Security Council extending the mandate of the Informal Working Group on General Issues of Sanctions until 31 December 2006 with a view to continuing to develop general recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of the United Nations sanctions, as well as to address other sanctions-related issues, including the assessment of the unintended impact of sanctions and ways to assist affected untargeted States.
In the context of the reform of the United Nations in general and of the revitalization of the General Assembly in particular, the working papers submitted by Cuba at the 1997 and 1998 sessions of the Special Committee entitled “Strengthening of the role of the Organization and enhancing its effectiveness” contain valuable elements. We believe that the General Assembly’s role in the maintenance of peace and security should be further enhanced and therefore support these papers.
We also reiterate our support for other valuable working papers submitted by the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and by Belarus and the Russia, Federation on the same issue to the Special Committee.
My Delegation recorgnized the need to improve the working methods of the Special Committee and to enhance its efficiency. Therefore, we thank the delegations of Japan, Australia, the Republic of Korea, Thailand and Uganda for presenting the further revised paper on the working methods of the Special Committee at the last session of the Committee.
Viet Nam always attaches itself to the principle of peaceful settlement of disputes in international relations and, therefore, supports the use of the existing mechanisms to settle all disputes peacefully, of which the International Court of Justice plays a significant role as the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. In this regard, the Delegation of Viet Nam supports the adoption of the draft resolution entitled “Commemoration of the sixtieth anniversary of the International Court of Justice”, proposed by Egypt.
I thank you, Mr. Chairman.