The Vietnamese Delegation wishes to congratulate you and the United Kingdom for your effective leadership of the work of the Council this month. We warmly welcome your initiative to hold this important open debate and highly appreciate your substantive concept paper to this end.
My Delegation associates itself with the statement to be delivered by the distinguished representative of Jamaica on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
In an interdependent world where durable peace and sustainable development of a country and a region cannot be isolated from those of others, peacebuilding continues to emerge as an essential part of the collective efforts of the United Nations and the international community to ensure the transition from conflict to peace, development and reconstruction, and to prevent the recurrence of conflicts. Past experience in Angola, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Burundi and Timor Leste remains vivid examples of how the long-term process of peacebuilding could help to address various political, security, socio-economic, humanitarian and development challenges in the post-conflict environment. The past experience in many other countries also reflects a shared justification that even when agreements are signed and ceasefires are in place, countries may relapse into conflict or civil violence if post-conflict peacebuilding lags behind.
The growing complexity of contemporary conflicts, which often have a serious regional spill-over and carry unpredictable socio-economic consequences, has led to a tremendous constraint on and exposed the limitations of post-conflict peacebuilding in maximizing its efficiency, resources and impact on the ground. It also requires a multi-dimensional and multi-sectoral approach to peacebuilding in close correlation with other areas of equal importance such as early warning, conflict prevention and resolution, pacific settlements of disputes, preventive diplomacy and peacekeeping operations.
At this juncture, my Delegation believes that, in view of the specific characters of each post-conflict environment and with due respect for the fundamental principles of independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, the international community should establish a more comprehensive and effective peacebuilding strategy that addresses the period extending from immediately after the cessation of conflict to the conduct of an exit strategy, and responds to the specific needs of the country concerned in each particular phase of development. The focus of such a strategy should be first tailored to complement nationally-owned efforts of building full ownership and capacity, and on the implementation front, may range from the reinforcement of the judicial system and the early commencement of disarmament to the demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants, from the promotion of institutional-building and capacity-building to the national reconciliation and rehabilitation, and from the enhancement of socio-economic reforms to the fulfillment of Millennium Development Goals.
Secondly, given its unique experience and advantages in human resources and institutional mechanisms, the United Nations should play the leading role in the coordination and collaboration of the local governments, specialized agencies, international financial institutions, troop contributors, and the international donor community in order to ensure the optimum impact of international assistance in post-conflict situations, especially in addressing the root causes of conflicts such as hunger and poverty, diseases and inequitable distribution of social welfare. Equally important, coordination among the United Nations principal organs as well as between United Nations Headquarters and field missions should be enhanced and better focused, thereby helping to maximize the use of available resources and capabilities and avoid possible overlapping and duplication. In this connection, my Delegation reaffirms and supports the central role of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations and the Peacebuilding Commission as the appropriate and dedicated institutional mechanisms to discuss the question of peacekeeping and peacebuilding in all multiple dimensions.
Thirdly, it is also essential to enhance the effective cooperation and partnership between the United Nations and regional organizations in areas of conflict prevention, management and resolution, peacekeeping and peacebuilding and strengthen the capacity of these organizations in this effect. While the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security falls within the purview of the Security Council, the mix of complimentary resources and comparative advantages that regional and subregional organizations possess, including targeted expertise, local knowledge and geographical proximity, can be further exploited, in conformity with Chapter VIII of the Charter and where appropriate, to contribute to helping countries recover from conflicts in all related fields.
I thank you, Mr. President.