It is a great honour for me to speak on behalf of the Vietnamese Delegation at this important meeting of the General Assembly. My Delegation is convinced that our debate today demonstrates our sustained attention to the strengthening of the Peacebuilding Commission and the enhancement of the coordination amongst the principal organs of the United Nations for the sake of sustainable peace and development in the world.
In order to develop an overall strategic and coherent approach to the question of international peacebuilding, world leaders at the 2005 World Summit decided to establish the Peacebuilding Commission, the Peacebuilding Fund and the Peacebuilding Support Office. This new peacebuilding architecture is expected to serve as a dedicated mechanism to address the special needs of conflict-prone countries in various regions of our world.
In this regard, Viet Nam wishes to commend the recent efforts undertaken by the Peacebuilding Commission in the light of General Assembly and Security Council resolutions A/60/180 and 1645(2005) respectively. We note with satisfaction that the Organizational Committee has addressed a series of key organizational, procedural and methodological issues in its first year of operation, including the finalization of the operational framework and provisional rules of procedure, the organization of country-specific meetings and the establishment of an ad-hoc working group.
The Peacebuilding Fund has also made laudable efforts in mobilizing resources from the international donor community and examining projects eligible for funding in post-conflict countries. We are even more encouraged by the fact that Sierra Leone and Burundi, the first countries supported by the PBC, have made remarkable progress in the critical areas of national reconstruction and rehabilitation such as promotion of good governance, strengthening of the rule of law, reform of justice and the security sector, and capacity-building.
While recognizing the fact that peacebuilding is naturally a complex and long-term process which requires persistent and long-term commitments, my Delegation shares the view which has been expressed by various delegations that a lot of ground remains to be covered. A daunting challenge is how the PBC can build up an engaged partnership and active participation among different stake-holders and marshall the resources for stability, recovery and development in war-torn countries. It is necessary that the international community provide, in a timely manner, adequate resources and support. My Delegation fully agrees with the assessment in the report stating that the main challenge facing the Commission is to maximize its impact on the ground and to make the United Nations peacebuilding architecture an effective instrument of international cooperation in support of countries emerging from conflicts.
The first anniversary of PBC has elapsed with both achievements and challenges. In order to enable it to live up to the expectations and aspirations of the international community, improvements should be made in some crucial areas and a number of outstanding issues must be addressed in the coming years. This includes the further development of the working methods for the Commission, the monitoring mechanisms for the IPBS, and the enhanced operational relationships with other intergovernmental bodies as well as regional and subregional organizations.
Enhanced interaction among various stakeholders engaged in post-conflict peacebuilding activities are of vital importance. The United Nations’ broad experience spanning conflict prevention, mediation, peacekeeping, humanitarian and election assistance, reconstruction and sustainable development must be fully exploited in conjunction with inputs from international financial institutions, NGOs, the civil society and private sector.
We strongly believe that integrated peacebuilding strategies must fully reflect the socio-economic reconstruction and development priorities of recipient countries as well as comparative advantages and practical commitments of international donors. This well-coordinated process helps avoid wasteful duplications or misuses and, at the same time, needs periodical reviews to bring about better outcomes.
We wish to reiterate that the national ownership of post-conflict peacebuilding priority plans and initiatives must remain at the forefront of any effort aimed at sustaining peace, initiating development and promoting post-conflict recovery. Foreign assistance plays a supplementary role and cannot replace home-grown endeavours for enhancing institutional frameworks, reinforcing capacity-building, and strengthening legal and administrative systems which ultimately bolster autonomy and self-determination.
My Delegation agrees that the future work of the Commission must ensure that peacebuilding processes remain on track and challenges are addressed in a timely and coherent manner by all relevant actors. In the early phase of its life, the Commission has a number of issues to address in order to improve its effectiveness and broaden its impact on the ground. To this effect, the General Assembly plays the central role in conducting regular reviews of the activities of the Commission as well as in formulating sound guidances and policies for the effective operation of the Commission.
I thank you, Mr. President.